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Note: An Annual Comprehensive Review, as required by §7 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, is conducted each year on committee data entered for the previous fiscal year (referred to as the reporting year). The data for the reporting year is not considered verified until this review is complete and the data is moved to history for an agency/department. See the Data From Previous Years section at the bottom of this page for the committee’s historical, verified data.

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DOE - 452 - National Petroleum Council - Agency Authority


Committee NameNational Petroleum CouncilAgency NameDepartment of Energy
Fiscal Year2022Committee Number452
Original Establishment Date5/3/1946Committee StatusChartered
Actual Termination Date Committee URL
New Committee This FYNoPresidential Appointments*No
Terminated This FYNoMax Number of Members*About 200
Current Charter Date1/7/2022Designated Fed Officer Position Title*Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy and Carbon Management
Date Of Renewal Charter1/7/2024Designated Federal Officer Prefix
Projected Termination Date Designated Federal Officer First Name*Brad
Exempt From Renewal*NoDesignated Federal Officer Middle Name
Specific Termination AuthorityAGENDesignated Federal Officer Last Name*Crabtree
Establishment Authority*Agency AuthorityDesignated Federal Officer Suffix
Specific Establishment Authority*AGENDesignated Federal Officer Phone*(202) 586-6660
Effective Date Of Authority*5/3/1946Designated Federal Officer Fax*(202) 586-6221
Exempt From EO 13875 Discretionary CmteNot ApplicableDesignated Federal Officer Email*
Committee Type*Continuing
Committee Function*National Policy Issue Advisory Board


Agency Recommendation*Continue
Legislation to Terminate RequiredNo
Legislation StatusNot Applicable
How does cmte accomplish its purpose?*The National Petroleum Council (NPC) is chartered to provide the Secretary of Energy with advice and recommendations on matters requested by the Secretary, relating to oil and natural gas, and the oil and natural gas industries. This purpose is largely accomplished through the conduct of studies. Matters that the Secretary would like to have considered by the NPC are submitted in the form of a letter outlining the nature and scope of the study. The NPC reserves the right to decide whether it will consider any matter referred to it. Over more than 75 years, the NPC has prepared over 200 reports dealing with virtually every aspect of oil and gas supply and demand. These reports have not only served as valuable tools in the development of energy policy but also have enabled government and industry to anticipate and jointly seek solutions to current and future energy challenges. NPC reports are widely circulated and serve as references for energy analysts, industry and government decision makers, legislators, and academicians.
How is membership balanced?*Members of the NPC are appointed by the Secretary of Energy and represent specific oil and gas industry sectors or related interests. These include balanced representation from among, but not limited to: integrated oil and natural gas companies; independent refiners, large and small independent oil and gas producers; midstream and retail oil and gas companies; construction, drilling, and oilfield services; financial and consultant services; electric companies and other large consumers; and non-industry or not-for-profit organizations such as academia, States, Native American Tribes, and professional societies.
How frequent & relevant are cmte mtgs?*The NPC meets in Washington, DC, once or twice a year and study groups meet as necessary. The time, place, and agenda of each Council and study group meeting are determined by its respective chair person, with the concurrence of the Department. The knowledge and experience that resides in the NPC provides a perspective on oil and natural gas issues and the oil and natural gas industries which is otherwise unavailable.
Why advice can't be obtained elsewhere?*There are no other sources with the breadth, depth, and diversity of oil and gas technical and policy knowledge and expertise that the NPC provides. No other federal advisory committee currently performs, or is capable of performing, the functions of the NPC. It would not be possible for the Department to duplicate the knowledge and expertise embodied in the Council and its study committees in addressing important oil and gas issues, e.g., by using alternative methods such as public hearings, contractor work efforts, or in-house study efforts.
Why close or partially close meetings?N/A
Recommendation RemarksOriginally established by the Department of the Interior in 1946 at the request of President Harry S. Truman and subsequently transferred to the Department of Energy in 1977, the National Petroleum Council (NPC) provides advice and recommendations to the Secretary of Energy on matters related to oil and natural gas, and the oil and natural gas industries. In 2021 and 2022, Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm requested the NPC undertake three separate studies focused on deploying hydrogen energy at scale, reducing greenhouse gas emissions across the natural gas value chain, and a third condensed study on short-term actions and transition strategies in response to the changing global crude supply, continuing a tradition of NPC studies having the potential for broad public impact. The anticipated completion dates for these studies span from the end of calendar year 2022 to early 2024. In 2019, the NPC completed three studies, requested by Secretary Rick Perry. The first provided recommendations on U.S. oil and natural gas transportation infrastructure, the second a roadmap to deploying carbon capture, use and storage technologies at scale, and the third provided a supplemental assessment to an earlier study on Arctic Potential. Prior studies also provided recommendations on matters of national importance, including strategic studies to inform government decision making on natural gas and oil infrastructure resilience (Emergency Preparedness for Natural Disasters), completed in December 2014, and Arctic Research, completed in March 2015, which were requested by Secretary Ernest Moniz. Energy challenges addressed in NPC study reports have included assessing the contribution that natural gas can make in a transition to a lower carbon energy mix, examining the prospects for integrating new fuels and vehicles into the marketplace while reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. transportation sector, ensuring prudent development of the Nation's abundant oil and gas resources, reducing the Nation's reliance on oil imports and oil use in the transportation sector, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Technology innovation, the capabilities of industry, and other factors will continue to be critical to meeting the future energy needs of American consumers and protecting the environment.


Outcome Improvement To Health Or Safety*NoAction Reorganize Priorities*Yes
Outcome Trust In GovernmentNoAction Reallocate ResourcesNo
Outcome Major Policy ChangesYesAction Issued New RegulationsNo
Outcome Advance In Scientific ResearchNoAction Proposed LegislationNo
Outcome Effective Grant MakingNoAction Approved Grants Or Other PaymentsNo
Outcome Improved Service DeliveryNoAction OtherYes
Outcome Increased Customer SatisfactionNoAction CommentFindings and recommendations from NPC studies serve as valuable input for government program and policy decision making. Technical data and insights on evolving oil and gas industry trends also inform energy forecasts prepared by the Energy Information Administration, an independent statistical agency of DOE.
Outcome Implement Laws/Reg RequirementsNoGrants Review*No
Outcome OtherYesNumber Of Grants Reviewed0
Outcome CommentPrior outcomes have included more informed decisions by state and federal government on policy, research, and regulatory initiatives with substantial public benefit.Number Of Grants Recommended0
Cost Savings*More Than $10,000,001Dollar Value Of Grants Recommended$0.00
Cost Savings CommentThe NPC’s 2003 natural gas study showed that a balanced approach to future public policy decision making to increase energy efficiency, develop of new resources, and enable flexibility in fuel choice, could save U.S. consumers $1 trillion in U.S. natural gas costs over the next 20 years. Other NPC studies have addressed topics of similar economic significance. For example, the NPC's 2019 Roadmap to At-Scale Deployment of Carbon Capture, Use, and Storage (CCUS) report concluded that investments in at-scale deployment of CCUS could generate $20.8 billion in annual GDP. The NPC's 2015 Arctic Potential study identified actions that would benefit the people of the North and the U.S. as a whole, and position the U.S. to exercise global leadership. Oil and gas development represented one-third of the State of Alaska's economic activity and provided 90% of the State's general funds in 2014. Projected net revenues to the State from Arctic OCS development if pursued were estimated to be about $6.6 billion over 50 years. The NPC's 2014 Emergency Preparedness study, and its 2016 Emergency Preparedness Implementation Addendum report, identified actions to continuously improve and ensure a state of readiness to respond to oil and gas supply chain disruptions arising from natural disasters; such actions can mitigate impacts on consumers and regional economies. The NPC's 2012 Future Transportation Fuels study identified technologies that could increase vehicle fuel economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from American transportation. Recommendations in the NPC's 2011 report on Prudent Development of North America's abundant natural gas and oil resources were evaluated from the perspectives of economic prosperity, environmental sustainability, and energy security. And, the potential benefits in all three areas were substantial. The NPC's 2007 study on global oil and natural gas provided insights for shaping energy policy that strengthens global energy security, economic prosperity, and environmental stewardship. The NPC’s 2004 study on U.S. petroleum refining and inventories highlighted government actions that could enable petroleum markets to operate more efficiently or avoid significant petroleum product supply disruptions.Grants Review CommentNA
Number Of Recommendations*2,818Access Contact Designated Fed. Officer*No
Number Of Recommendations CommentBased on prior experience, many NPC studies result in approximately 14 major recommendations, and some yield considerably more. In 75 years, the NPC has prepared over 200 reports dealing with virtually every aspect of oil and gas supply and demand. These reports have not only served as valuable tools in the development of energy policy but also have enabled government and industry to anticipate and jointly seek solutions to current and future energy challenges. The NPC 2019 CCUS report provided approximately 60 recommendations that would enable three phases of deployment for CCUS technologies – activation, expansion, and at-scale. Some NPC study reports have tiered recommendations, e.g., the NPC 2019 Arctic Supplemental Assessment to its 2015 Arctic Potential Report included 4 overarching recommendations and more than 30 detailed recommendations to support implementation. The NPC 2015 report included 32 recommendations in the Executive Summary, made up of 13 research, 3 regulatory, and 16 leadership/policy recommendations, as well as an additional 60 research recommendations in the report chapters.Access Agency WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented*30.00%Access Committee WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented CommentEstimates of how many NPC recommendations have been implemented may be subjective as NPC recommendations range in scope, specificity, and timing. NPC recommendations often encompass broad public policy strategies for addressing the Nation's energy challenges. The implementation timespan for some recommendations such as those to enhance natural gas supply diversity or to sustain and enhance natural gas infrastructure, could span decades. Additionally, NPC recommendations may call for action by industry and/or government (including Congress, states, one or more federal agencies, or some combination).Access GSA FACA WebsiteNo
% of Recs Partially Implemented*45.00%Access PublicationsYes
% of Recs Partially Implemented CommentPrior assessments have shown that government has made substantial progress in implementing up to 75% of the recommendations in some NPC studies. However, as discussed above, estimates of how many NPC recommendations have been implemented may be subjective. For example, the NPC’s 2003 natural gas study resulted in four overarching recommendations to: 1) improve demand flexibility and efficiency, 2) increase supply diversity, 3) sustain and enhance natural gas infrastructure, and 4) promote efficiency of natural gas markets, and over 60 supporting recommendations. Recommendations from the NPC's 2004 study on U.S. petroleum refining and inventories were more granular and addressed topics such as new source review reform, national ambient air quality standards, ultra low sulfur diesel regulations, national energy legislation, sound science, cost-effectiveness and energy analysis, and permitting, and actions by government on these topics continue to evolve. Numerous recommendations in these 2003 and 2004 NPC studies were reflected in national energy plans and initiatives, as well as provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

Many factors determine the pace and extent to which NPC report recommendations are implemented including perceptions pertaining to DOE's mission and the availability of funding or other capabilities. The NPC's 2007 study report on global oil and gas outlined five core strategies to enable industry and government to more adequately address evolving trends in U.S. and global energy supply and demand, and contained over 40 supporting recommendations, which broadly helped to shape public and private sector dialogue, policy and investment on a range of topics including energy efficiency, carbon management, fuel diversity, and the geopolitics of energy for several years. Recommendations from the NPC's 2011 Prudent Development study report reflected five core strategies to support prudent natural gas and oil resources development and regulation; better reflect environmental impacts in markets and fuel technology choices; enhance the efficient use of energy; enhance the functioning of energy markets; and, support the development of a skilled workforce. Notably, this reported provided the foundation for a multiagency research collaboration initiative on unconventional oil and gas resources, as wells as the impetus for industry standards for prudent resource development and standards for contracting between natural gas suppliers and power sectors. Recommendations in the NPC's 2012 Future Transportation study report called on government to promote sustained funding and other resources, either separately or in combination with industry, on the pre-competitive aspects of 12 priority technologies, as well as in areas that could lead to disruptive innovations. The report informed public and private sector research program plans and analyses for many years. The NPC's 2015 Arctic Potential study report included 32 recommendations in the executive summary addressing research, regulatory improvements, and leadership/policy considerations that aligned well with the Administration's all-of-the-above energy strategy and early U.S. Arctic policy, and an additional 60 specific research recommendations. Some years hence DOE established an Arctic Energy Office. The 2019 NPC Dynamic Delivery study report made recommendations to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of permitting processes for oil and gas transportation infrastructure and regulatory reform efforts, while promoting more rapid development and implementation of technology to increase transportation safety and integrity. Many of these recommendations are relevant to policy, regulatory and research initiatives being pursued by industry and government, such as reauthorization of Title 41 of the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act. The 2019 CCUS study report provided a roadmap for deploying CCUS technologies at scale within the U.S., based on technology, policy, and regulatory actions across three phases (activation, expansion, and at-scale) to achieve widespread CCUS deployment over the next 25 years. The report included specific recommendations on clarifications to requirements of Section 45Q tax credit, which informed the Internal Revenue Service’s subsequent guidance on Section 45Q. It also helped to catalyze actions being pursued by states to further the deployment of CCUS, and called on Congress to appropriate expanded funding for DOE RD&D on new and emerging CCUS technologies ($15 billion over ten years), as embodied in bipartisan infrastructure and jobs legislation towards the end of FY2021.
Access OtherNo
Agency Feedback*YesAccess CommentAdditional information about this advisory committee, including an electronic repository of NPC study reports, is available at
Agency Feedback Comment*Feedback is provided to NPC members on the value of the committee’s studies and recommendations through remarks made by the Secretary of Energy and Deputy Secretary of Energy at NPC meetings, by periodic reports on progress made to implement NPC recommendations, by DOE sharing information on the status of government actions related to NPC recommendations, and the frequent use of, or reference to, NPC studies by DOE and other government agencies. For example, in January 2008, the Secretary of Energy distributed copies of the Hard Truths report to all members of Congress and State governors. In May 2008, the Secretary sent a letter to the Council Chair that included a DOE review of actions taken by government consistent with recommendations contained in the NPC's 2007 Hard Truths report; and copies were subsequently provided to all NPC members. From 2011 through 2019, the work of the NPC had clear linkages to goals outlined in various government initiatives including the Blueprint for a Secure Energy Future, Quadrennial Energy Review, Quadrennial Energy Technology Review, National Strategy for the Arctic Region, and American Energy Independence. Insights from the new hydrogen study will support Administration objectives for achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.Narrative Description*The findings and recommendations of NPC studies support more informed energy-related public policy decisions and the achievement of Department of Energy and Administration goals related to energy, the environment, and the economy, including actions to support U.S. energy security, enable responsible development of domestic oil and natural gas resources, and strengthen the Nation's infrastructure.
Hide Section - COSTS


Payments to Non-Federal Members*$0.00Est Payments to Non-Fed Members Next FY*$0.00
Payments to Federal Members*$0.00Est. Payments to Fed Members Next FY*$0.00
Payments to Federal Staff*$232,592.00Estimated Payments to Federal Staff*$232,810.00
Payments to Consultants*$0.00Est. Payments to Consultants Next FY*$0.00
Travel Reimb. For Non-Federal Members*$0.00Est Travel Reimb Non-Fed Members nextFY*$7,200.00
Travel Reimb. For Federal Members*$0.00Est Travel Reimb For Fed Members*$0.00
Travel Reimb. For Federal Staff*$0.00Est. Travel Reimb to Fed Staff Next FY*$25,200.00
Travel Reimb. For Consultants*$0.00Est Travel Reimb to Consultants Next FY*$0.00
Other Costs$28,000.00Est. Other Costs Next FY*$28,000.00
Total Costs$260,592.00Est. Total Next FY*$293,210.00
Date Cost Last Modified11/18/2022 2:21 PMEst. Fed Staff Support Next FY*1.42
Federal Staff Support (FTE)*1.32Est Cost RemarksNPC members serve without compensation, with a limited exception being case-by-case reimbursement in accordance with Federal travel regulations for per diem and travel expenses incurred by non-industry or not-for-profit group member
Cost RemarksNo travel costs were incurred for NPC members or Federal staff in FY2022 due to Covid-19.  
Hide Section - Interest Areas

Interest Areas

Environmental Issues


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Data from Previous Years

ActionCommittee System IDCommittee NameFiscal Year
 COM-040106National Petroleum Council2021
 COM-038080National Petroleum Council2020
 COM-036364National Petroleum Council2019
 COM-033568National Petroleum Council2018
 COM-001356National Petroleum Council2017
 COM-002943National Petroleum Council2016
 COM-003594National Petroleum Council2015
 COM-004957National Petroleum Council2014
 COM-005598National Petroleum Council2013
 COM-007103National Petroleum Council2012
 COM-007790National Petroleum Council2011
 COM-009256National Petroleum Council2010
 COM-009891National Petroleum Council2009
 COM-011179National Petroleum Council2008
 COM-011653National Petroleum Council2007
 COM-013114National Petroleum Council2006
 COM-013616National Petroleum Council2005
 COM-014930National Petroleum Council2004
 COM-015272National Petroleum Council2003
 COM-016907National Petroleum Council2002
 COM-017492National Petroleum Council2001
 COM-018876National Petroleum Council2000
 COM-019422National Petroleum Council1999
 COM-020760National Petroleum Council1998
 COM-021307National Petroleum Council1997