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Committee Detail

Note: An Annual Comprehensive Review, as required by §7 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, is conducted each year on committee data entered for the previous fiscal year (referred to as the reporting year). The data for the reporting year is not considered verified until this review is complete and the data is moved to history for an agency/department. See the Data From Previous Years section at the bottom of this page for the committee’s historical, verified data.

Details on agency responses to committee recommendations can be found under the Performance Measures section for each committee in the fields “Agency Feedback” and “Agency Feedback Comment.”

USDA - 34760 - Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee - Authorized by Law


Committee NameDietary Guidelines Advisory CommitteeAgency NameDepartment of Agriculture
Fiscal Year2021Committee Number34760
Original Establishment Date2/19/2013Committee StatusTerminated
Actual Termination Date10/5/2020Committee URL
New Committee This FYNoPresidential Appointments*No
Terminated This FYYesMax Number of Members*20
Current Charter Date10/5/2018Designated Fed Officer Position Title*Director
Date Of Renewal Charter Designated Federal Officer PrefixDr.
Projected Termination Date9/30/2020Designated Federal Officer First Name*Eve
Exempt From Renewal*NoDesignated Federal Officer Middle NameEssery
Specific Termination AuthorityDesignated Federal Officer Last Name*Stoody
Establishment Authority*Authorized by LawDesignated Federal Officer SuffixPh.D.
Specific Establishment Authority*Under Section 301 of Public Law 101-445 (7 U.S.C. 5341); Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), Public Law 92-463, as amended (5 U.S.C., App)Designated Federal Officer Phone*(703) 305-2563
Effective Date Of Authority*10/17/1962Designated Federal Officer Fax*(703) 305-3300
Exempt From EO 13875 Discretionary CmteNot ApplicableDesignated Federal Officer Email*
Committee Type*Continuing
Committee Function*Other Committee


Agency Recommendation*Terminate
Legislation to Terminate RequiredNo
Legislation StatusNot Applicable
How does cmte accomplish its purpose?*The 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee was established to conduct an independent review of current research on nutrition and health to be considered by USDA and HHS in the development of the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which form the basis for Federal nutrition programs, standards, and education for the general public. The Committee was charged with reviewing the evidence on specific topics and scientific questions related to nutrition and health across the lifespan identified by the Departments. The Committee used three rigorous, protocol-driven approaches to examine the evidence: data analysis, food pattern modeling, and systematic reviews.

Data analysis: A collection of analyses that uses national data sets to help us understand the current health and dietary intakes of Americans. These data help make the Dietary Guidelines practical, relevant, and achievable.
Food pattern modeling: Analysis that helps us understand how changes to the amounts or types of foods and beverages in a pattern might impact meeting nutrient needs across the U.S. population.
Systematic reviews: Answer questions on diet and health by searching for, evaluating, and synthesizing all relevant, peer-reviewed studies.

Each of these approaches has a unique, complementary role in examining the science. Following its review, the Committee developed a report that outlined its science-based review and recommendations to the Departments with rationale and submitted its report to the Secretaries of USDA and HHS for consideration by the Departments in the development of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025.
How is membership balanced?*The Committee was knowledgeable of current scientific research in human nutrition. Factors USDA and HHS considered in selecting individuals to serve on the Committee included:

Educational background — advanced degree in nutrition- or health-related field, including registered dietitians, nutrition scientists, physicians, and those with public health degrees
Professional experience — at least 10 years of experience as an academic, researcher, practitioner, or other health professional in a field related to one or more of the topics to be examined; consideration of leadership experience and participation on previous committees or panels
Demonstrated scientific expertise — expertise related to one or more of the topics to be examined by the Committee as demonstrated by number and quality of peer-reviewed publications and presentations
Obligations under the Federal Advisory Committee Act — ensuring the Committee is balanced fairly in points of view and types of expertise
Requirements regarding a balanced membership — including, to the extent possible, individuals who are minorities, women, persons with disabilities, and representatives from different geographic areas and institutions. Equal opportunity practices regarding membership appointments to the Committee were aligned with USDA policies.
How frequent & relevant are cmte mtgs?*The Committee met six times within its 2-year charter to complete its work. During these public meetings, the Committee discussed its review of the scientific evidence and made plans for future Committee work. All meetings were open to the public. Two meetings had the opportunity for the public to provide oral comments to the Committee. Meeting materials, including the archived webcasts and presentations, from each Committee meeting were posted after the meeting.

Meeting dates and host cities were:
Meeting 1: March 28-29, 2019 (Washington, DC and webcast)
Meeting 2: July 10-11, 2019 (Washington, DC and webcast)
Meeting 3: October 24-25, 2019 (Washington, DC and webcast)
Meeting 4: January 23-24, 2020 (Houston, TX and webcast)
Meeting 5: March 12-13, 2020 (webcast only)
Draft Report Meeting: June 17, 2020 (webcast only)
Why advice can't be obtained elsewhere?*The Committee was established in 2019 to conduct its work over no more than 2 years from the date the charter was filed (October 5, 2018). Per the charter, the Committee was to provide independent, science-based advice and recommendations to help inform USDA and HHS in development of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025. It was comprised of leading nutrition experts – all nominated by the public – on priority topics for Federal nutrition and food programs that rely on the Congressionally mandated Dietary Guidelines for national nutrition standards and consumer education. Having the review of the science conducted by a Federal advisory committee in a transparent, science-based, and inclusive process allows the public to engage in and view the scientific deliberations and provide ongoing public comments during the review of the science, which is important to USDA and HHS stakeholders, the public, and the integrity of the Dietary Guidelines.
Why close or partially close meetings?The Committee did not hold closed meetings.
Recommendation RemarksThe Committee completed its review as outlined in its Charter and submitted its report to the Secretaries of Agriculture and Health and Human Services at the end of June 2020. The Committee's report was then posted for a 30-day public comment period on July 15, 2020. The Committee has now disbanded.


Outcome Improvement To Health Or Safety*YesAction Reorganize Priorities*No
Outcome Trust In GovernmentNoAction Reallocate ResourcesNo
Outcome Major Policy ChangesNoAction Issued New RegulationsNo
Outcome Advance In Scientific ResearchNoAction Proposed LegislationNo
Outcome Effective Grant MakingNoAction Approved Grants Or Other PaymentsNo
Outcome Improved Service DeliveryNoAction OtherNo
Outcome Increased Customer SatisfactionNoAction CommentNot Applicable
Outcome Implement Laws/Reg RequirementsNoGrants Review*No
Outcome OtherNoNumber Of Grants Reviewed0
Outcome CommentN/ANumber Of Grants Recommended0
Cost Savings*Unable to DetermineDollar Value Of Grants Recommended$0.00
Cost Savings CommentCost savings cannot be determined but the potential benefits of providing the most up-to-date science in the form of dietary guidance for the general public is expected to have an impact on improving health outcomes by reducing the risk of chronic disease.Grants Review CommentNot Applicable
Number Of Recommendations*55Access Contact Designated Fed. Officer*Yes
Number Of Recommendations CommentThe Committee's report included approximately 55 recommendations related to diet and health across the lifespan for consideration in the development of the Dietary Guidelines. Note: This number is an estimate made by USDA. The Committee's report did not have specific numbered recommendations.Access Agency WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented*95.00%Access Committee WebsiteNo
% of Recs Fully Implemented CommentNearly all of the Committee's recommendations on diet and health across the lifespan were included or captured in the overarching guidelines, key recommendations, or supporting text of the Dietary Guidelines.Access GSA FACA WebsiteYes
% of Recs Partially Implemented*5.00%Access PublicationsYes
% of Recs Partially Implemented CommentFor two topics – added sugars and alcoholic beverages – the Dietary Guidelines includes part, but not all, of the Committee’s advice. The Dietary Guidelines emphasizes the importance of limiting intakes of added sugars and alcoholic beverages, but does not include the changes to quantitative limits recommended by the Committee. The evidence that the Committee reviewed supports the need to continue to limit intakes of added sugars and alcoholic beverages to promote health and prevent disease. However, there was not a preponderance of evidence in the Committee’s review of studies since the 2015-2020 edition to substantiate changes to the quantitative limits for either added sugars or alcohol. Thus, the 2020-2025 edition underscores the importance of limiting added sugars and alcohol intake, and retains the quantitative limits from the 2015-2020 edition. USDA and HHS encourage more research on the relationship between added sugars and alcoholic beverages and health, and will continue to monitor the evidence on these topics. More information is available here: OtherNo
Agency Feedback*YesAccess CommentNot Applicable
Agency Feedback Comment*Information on how USDA and HHS used the Committee's report to develop the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025 is available here: Description*Under Section 301 of Public Law 101-445 (7 U.S.C. 5341, the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990, Title III) the Secretaries of USDA and HHS are directed to jointly publish at least every five years a report entitled Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The law instructs that this publication shall contain, nutritional and dietary information and guidelines for the general public, shall be based on the preponderance of scientific and medical knowledge current at the time of publication, and shall be promoted by each Federal agency in carrying out any Federal food, nutrition, or health program. Recent editions of the Dietary Guidelines provided dietary advice for Americans ages 2 years and older. The Agricultural Act of 2014 mandated the addition of dietary guidance for women who are pregnant and infants and toddlers from birth to 24 months of age beginning with the 2020 edition. The Committee was established to provide independent, science-based advice and recommendations to be considered by USDA and HHS in the development of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025.
Hide Section - COSTS


Payments to Non-Federal Members* Est Payments to Non-Fed Members Next FY* 
Payments to Federal Members* Est. Payments to Fed Members Next FY* 
Payments to Federal Staff* Estimated Payments to Federal Staff* 
Payments to Consultants* Est. Payments to Consultants Next FY* 
Travel Reimb. For Non-Federal Members* Est Travel Reimb Non-Fed Members nextFY* 
Travel Reimb. For Federal Members* Est Travel Reimb For Fed Members* 
Travel Reimb. For Federal Staff* Est. Travel Reimb to Fed Staff Next FY* 
Travel Reimb. For Consultants* Est Travel Reimb to Consultants Next FY* 
Other Costs Est. Other Costs Next FY* 
Total Costs$0.00Est. Total Next FY*$0.00
Date Cost Last Modified Est. Fed Staff Support Next FY* 
Federal Staff Support (FTE)* Est Cost Remarks
Cost Remarks  
Hide Section - Interest Areas

Interest Areas

Public Health


To View all the members, meetings and advisory reports for this committee please click here




ActionCommittee System IDSubcommittee NameFiscal Year
 COM-034950Beverages and Added Sugars Subcommittee2021
 COM-034949Birth to 24 Months Subcommittee2021
 COM-034953Data Analysis and Food Pattern Modeling Cross-Cutting Working Group2021
 COM-034951Dietary Fats and Seafood Subcommittee2021
 COM-034947Dietary Patterns Subcommittee2021
 COM-034952Frequency of Eating Subcommittee2021
 COM-034948Pregnancy and Lactation Subcommittee2021


No Documents Found



Data from Previous Years

ActionCommittee System IDCommittee NameFiscal Year
 COM-038270Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2020
 COM-036038Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2019
 COM-0041122015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2015
 COM-0044012015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2014
 COM-0058892015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2013
 COM-0086432010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2010
 COM-0096682010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2009
 COM-0107952010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2008
 COM-014429Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2004
 COM-016049Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2003
 COM-017290Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2001
 COM-018318Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee2000
 COM-020089Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee1999
 COM-020099Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee1998
 COM-021799Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee1997