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Committee Detail



Committee NameNational Science Advisory Board for BiosecurityAgency NameDepartment of Health and Human Services
Fiscal Year2019Committee Number21482
Original Establishment Date11/22/1962Committee StatusChartered
Actual Termination Date Committee URL
New Committee This FYNoPresidential Appointments*No
Terminated This FYNoMax Number of Members*44
Current Charter Date4/7/2018Designated Fed Officer Position Title*Director, Division of Biosafety, Biosecurity, and Emerging Biotechnology Policy
Date Of Renewal Charter4/7/2020Designated Federal Officer PrefixDr.
Projected Termination Date Designated Federal Officer First Name*Jessica
Exempt From Renewal*NoDesignated Federal Officer Middle Name
Specific Termination AuthorityDesignated Federal Officer Last Name*Tucker
Establishment Authority*Authorized by LawDesignated Federal Officer Suffix
Specific Establishment Authority*42 USC 217a, Section 222 of the PHSDesignated Federal Officer Phone*301-451-4431
Effective Date Of Authority*11/22/1962Designated Federal Officer Fax*301-496-9839
Committee Type*ContinuingDesignated Federal Officer Email*
Committee Function*Scientific Technical Program Advisory Board


Agency Recommendation*Continue
Legislation to Terminate RequiredNot Applicable
Legislation StatusNot Applicable
How does cmte accomplish its purpose?*The purpose of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) is to provide, as requested, advice regarding biosecurity oversight of “dual use research,” which for these purposes is defined as life sciences research with legitimate scientific purpose, but that generates information, products, and technologies that could be misused to pose a biological threat to public health or national security. The NSABB meets, as needed, to complete the taskings assigned by the United States Government. Working Groups of the NSABB convene between full board meetings to work on assigned issues and to develop draft reports. Working Group progress reports and draft reports are ultimately presented to the full Board for its consideration, input, and approval. Final NSABB recommendations and reports are submitted to the NIH Director, HHS Secretary, and the heads of other Federal agencies that conduct or support life sciences research.
How is membership balanced?*In advising on the efficient and effective oversight of dual use life sciences research, the NSABB must consider both public health and national security needs and the needs of the research community. Because this requires a diverse range of expertise, the Committee is composed of up to 25 voting members, providing broad expertise in areas such as clinical infectious disease, laboratory biosafety/biosecurity, public health and epidemiology, pharmaceutical production, veterinary medicine, plant health, molecular biology and genomics, bioethics, national security, biodefense, law and law enforcement, ethics, and scientific publishing. In appointing these members, careful consideration is also given to geographic, gender, and race/ethnicity balance. In addition, non-voting ex officio members represent the Executive Office of the President, the Departments of Health and Human Services, Energy, Homeland Security, Veterans Affairs, Defense, Interior, Agriculture, Justice, State, and Commerce, the Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation, and the intelligence community.
How frequent & relevant are cmte mtgs?*The number of committee meetings varies by year because the NSABB is convened on an as-needed basis rather than on a periodic basis. The NSABB was not convened during this reporting period.
Why advice can't be obtained elsewhere?*The NSABB is the only existing body of outside experts organized to specifically address dual use of life sciences research issues. The NSABB also brings a unique and broad range of perspectives and expertise, including biomedical, plant, and animal research; biosecurity, law, law enforcement, scientific publishing, biodefense, and intelligence.
Why close or partially close meetings?N/A
Recommendation RemarksThe Committee Decision Maker and the Designated Federal Official are the same person due to the assignment of duties within the Office of Science Policy.

Even though the committee did not meet this fiscal year, costs for staff support and administrative expenses have been included. The committee plans to hold meetings in the future.


Outcome Improvement To Health Or Safety*YesAction Reorganize Priorities*Yes
Outcome Trust In GovernmentYesAction Reallocate ResourcesNo
Outcome Major Policy ChangesYesAction Issued New RegulationsNo
Outcome Advance In Scientific ResearchNoAction Proposed LegislationNo
Outcome Effective Grant MakingNoAction Approved Grants Or Other PaymentsNo
Outcome Improved Service DeliveryNoAction OtherYes
Outcome Increased Customer SatisfactionNoAction CommentThe NSABB makes recommendations to federal departments and agencies on the oversight of life sciences dual use research of concern. NSABB recommendations delivered in FY16 informed the development and implementation of new federal policy to guide federal funding decisions on proposed research that is reasonably anticipated to create, transfer, or use enhanced potential pandemic pathogens.
Outcome Implement Laws/Reg RequirementsNoGrants Review*No
Outcome OtherYesNumber Of Grants Reviewed0
Outcome CommentThe Committee is advisory on significant policy issues that have the potential to affect the oversight of all federally-funded life sciences research. In addition, the policies that are informed by its recommendations assure the public that the scientific community conducts and communicates its research in a responsible manner.Number Of Grants Recommended0
Cost Savings*Unable to DetermineDollar Value Of Grants Recommended$0.00
Cost Savings CommentThis Committee provides advice, guidance, and leadership as stated in the narrative above. It can take many years for the impacts of these recommendations to come to fruition.Grants Review CommentN/A
Number Of Recommendations*229Access Contact Designated Fed. Officer*Yes
Number Of Recommendations CommentThe committee issued no recommendations in FY18.Access Agency WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented*0.00%Access Committee WebsiteYes
% of Recs Fully Implemented CommentDue to the large breadth and complexity of the recommendations made by this committee on policy and program areas, NIH staff is unable to determine which recommendations have been fully or partially implemented solely in response to this committee’s activities.Access GSA FACA WebsiteYes
% of Recs Partially Implemented*0.00%Access PublicationsNo
% of Recs Partially Implemented CommentN/AAccess OtherNo
Agency Feedback*YesAccess CommentN/A
Agency Feedback CommentMeeting minutes, written reports, and oral presentations.Narrative Description*The purpose of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) is to provide advice, guidance, and leadership regarding biosecurity oversight of dual use research, defined as biological research with legitimate scientific purpose that may be misused to pose a biologic threat to public health and/or national security. The NSABB advises the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the heads of all federal departments and agencies that conduct or support life science research. The NSABB advises on and recommends specific strategies for the efficient and effective oversight of federally conducted or supported dual-use biological research, taking into consideration both national security concerns and the needs of the research community.
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Payments to Non-Federal Members* Est Payments to Non-Fed Members Next FY* 
Payments to Federal Members* Est. Payments to Fed Members Next FY* 
Payments to Federal Staff* Estimated Payments to Federal Staff* 
Payments to Consultants* Est. Payments to Consultants Next FY* 
Travel Reimb. For Non-Federal Members* Est Travel Reimb Non-Fed Members nextFY* 
Travel Reimb. For Federal Members* Est Travel Reimb For Fed Members* 
Travel Reimb. For Federal Staff* Est. Travel Reimb to Fed Staff Next FY* 
Travel Reimb. For Consultants* Est Travel Reimb to Consultants Next FY* 
Other Costs Est. Other Costs Next FY* 
Total Costs$0.00Est. Total Next FY*$0.00
Federal Staff Support (FTE)* Est. Fed Staff Support Next FY* 
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Data from Previous Years

ActionCommittee System IDCommittee NameFiscal Year
 COM-034678National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2018
 COM-001708National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2017
 COM-002297National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2016
 COM-004091National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2015
 COM-004416National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2014
 COM-006234National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2013
 COM-006882National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2012
 COM-008283National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2011
 COM-009061National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2010
 COM-010086National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2009
 COM-010953National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2008
 COM-012229National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2007
 COM-012532National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2006
 COM-014064National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2005
 COM-014595National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity2004